- Gomme, Alice Bertha
- (1852-1938)Born Alice Bertha Merck, she married George Laurence *Gomme in 1875 and became Lady Gomme when he was knighted for his work with the London County Council in 1911. Alice Gomme was a founder-member of the *Folklore Society in 1878 and a leading figure in its activities for 60 years, serving on its Council from 1912 to 1938. In retrospect, her contribution was often overshadowed by that of her husband who held much higher-profile positions, produced numerous books and articles, and contributed to the major theoretical debates which shaped the early days of Folklore Studies. Accounts of Alice Bertha stress her supportive nature and her tact (e.g. Folk-Lore 49 (1938), 93-4) and it is true that she successfully ran a busy household and brought up their seven sons, but, in addition to the decades of service given to the Folklore Society, Alice made a number of significant contributions to scholarship, and her interests were wide ranging and her knowledge formidable.One of her first forays into the public limelight came in October 1891, when she was Secretary for the Entertainment Committee for the prestigious International Folk-Lore Congress, held in London, and surviving correspondence shows clearly that she was the main organizer of the Conversazione, which included a major exhibition of folklore items, an exhibition of local cakes and other food, performances of children's *singing games, a * mumming play, songs, dances, and tales. The event was a tremendous success, particularly the games performed by children from her local Barnes Village School, and has been hailed as the first act of the folk *revival (see Boyes). Two of the featured items grew into major research interests for Alice, children's games and traditional food. Her two-volume work on the Traditional Games of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1894-8), compiled mainly from correspondence with contributors from all over the country, but also from her own collecting, presents a wealth of detailed information on games of the mid- to late 19th century, which is still used as a source-book today. As befits a member of her generation, Lady Gomme followed the basic *survivals theory, although not slavishly, and the commentary in Traditional Games is somewhat dated, but the material itself is still as interesting as the day it was collected. The books were planned as the first volumes in an ambitious 'Dictionary of Folk-Lore' project, but no other titles in the series ever saw the light of day. She also published several popular-market books of singing games, some in co-operation with Cecil *Sharp. Most of Alice's output was in the form of notes and short pieces for the journal Folk-Lore, on a range of subjects including medicine, harvest customs, mumming plays, and folktales, but she also contributed widely to newspapers and magazines, and this material still needs to be identified and gathered together. She was also active in a number of other organizations, including the London Shakespeare League, Folk Cookery Association, *Folk-Song Society, and the *English Folk Dance Society, and she lectured widely.Alice Gomme's work includes The Traditional Games of England, Scotland and Ireland (2 vols, 1894, 1898); Games for Parlour and Playground (1898); Children's Singing Games (2 vols., 1894); (with Laurence Gomme) Old English Singing Games (1900); British Folk-Lore, Folk-songs, and Singing Games (1916); (with Cecil Sharp) Children's Singing Games (5 vols., 1909-12); 'Boer Folk-Medicine and Some Parallels', Folk-Lore 13 (1902), 69-75, 181-2; 'The Green Lady: A Folktale from Hertfordshire', Folk-Lore 7 (1896), 411-14; 'The History of England in a Cooking Pot: Folk Recipes and Kitchen Magic', Morning Post (4 Mar. 1931).■ Georgina Boyes, Folklore 101:2 (1990), 198-208; M. Gaster, Folk-Lore 49 (1938), 93-4.
A Dictionary of English folklore. Jacqueline Simpson & Steve Roud. 2014.
Look at other dictionaries:
Alice Gomme — Alice Bertha Gomme, Lady Gomme, born Merck (4 January 1853, London 5 January 1938, London) was a leading British folklorist, and a pioneer in the study of children s games.LifeGomme was the daughter of Charles Merck, a master tailor, and… … Wikipedia
Gomme, George Laurence — (1853 1916) Knighted in 1911 for his work on the Metropolitan Board of Works (which he joined in 1873) and the London County Council. He was extremely knowledgeable about London, and published several works on the history of the city as well… … A Dictionary of English folklore
Ring a Ring o' Roses — Infobox Standard title=Ring a Ring o Roses comment= image size= caption=Musical variations of Ring a Ring o Roses , Alice Gomme, 1898. [Gomme, The Traditional Games of England, Scotland, and Ireland , p. 108.] writer= composer=Traditional… … Wikipedia
Troco — (also called trucks and lawn billiards) is an English lawn game played with balls, cues and rings that remained popular through the Early modern period to the early 20th century. It is a forerunner of croquet and perhaps of cue sports such as… … Wikipedia
Rock-paper-scissors — Roshambo redirects here. For the phonetically similar name and terms derived from it, see Rochambeau (disambiguation). For the bullying practice, see sack tapping. Rock paper scissors Rock paper scissors chart Years active Chinese Han Dynasty to… … Wikipedia
Rich Man, Poor Man, Begger Man, Thief — Rich Man, Poor Man, Beggerman, Thief is a divination rhyme used chiefly by schoolgirls to foretell their futures. The title comes from one of the lines in the rhyme in which the girl is trying to find whom she will marry. During the divination,… … Wikipedia
I'll Tell Me Ma — Text (Refrain): I ll tell me ma when I go home The boys won t leave the girls alone They pull my hair, they steal my comb But that s all right till I get home She is handsome, she is pretty She is the belle of Belfast city She is courting one,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
I’ll Tell Me Ma — Text (Refrain): I ll tell me ma when I go home The boys won t leave the girls alone They pull my hair, they steal my comb But that s all right till I get home She is handsome, she is pretty She is the belle of Belfast city She is courting one,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
I'll Tell Me Ma — Infobox Single Name = I ll Tell Me Ma Caption = Type = Artist = Van Morrison, The Chieftains alt Artist = Album = Irish Heartbeat A side = I ll Tell Me Ma B side = Tà Mo Chleamhnas Déanta Published = Released = 1988 track no = 6 Recorded =… … Wikipedia
Oats Peas Beans and Barley Grow — is a traditional British and American folk song, 1380 in the Roud Folk Song Index. The tune normally used, goes by the name Baltimore and appears in Joshua Cushing s book The Fifer s Companion (1790). The sleevenotes to The Wild Mountain Thyme… … Wikipedia